Barong is one of the characters in the mythology of Bali. He is the King who symbolizes the Spirit of Kindness and enemy of Rangda in Balinese mythology. According to belief, Barong is driven by a spirit named Banas Pati Rajah. The Spirit is also a spirit that accompany a child in her life. As a protective spirit, Barong is often presented as a lion. Every part of the island areas in Bali, have protective spirits for the lands and forests respectively. Barong which represents a particular area is described as a different animal.
The types of Barong is still in Bali among others:
1. Barong Ket or Keket Barong (Lion Barong) is the most numerous in Bali and most frequently performed. Barong Ket is a combination of lions, tigers, and cows or Boma. The Body of Barong decorated with carvings made of leather, affixed to the sparkling mirror glass and fur made from perasok (fibers from the leaves of pandanus similar type of plant, fibers, or some of the crow-quill).
2. Barong Bangkal means large old pig. Performed with around the village by two dancers on certain days that are considered sacred or the time of the plague that attacks the village.
3. Barong Asu, like dogs and includes a rare type of Barong, found only in some villages in the area of Tabanan and Badung.
4. Barong Brutuk, a rare dance, describes the holy beings (the maid of Queen Ida Pancering Jagat) which have a palace in Pancering Jagat Pura, Trunyan. The dancers are teenagers who have been sanctified by wearing clothing made from dried banana leaves (keraras) and wearing masks from coconut shell. each dancer carrying a whip while running around the temple, accompanied by gamelan Balaganjur / Babonangan. Barong is located in the Trunyan-Kintamani (Bangli).
5. Barong Kadingkling or also called Barong Blasblasan. Dancer wearing only a mask of Wayang Wong plays excerpts from the Ramayana story, especially the war scenes. The dancer should be a child and performed in the days Galungan and Kuningan batel accompanied by gamelan music, and some are kind of babonangan (batel gamelan equipped with reyong). Barong is located in the Gianyar, Bangli and Klungkung.
6. Barong Gagombrangan.
7. Barong Gajah, like an elephant, danced by two people and includes a rare type of barong so sacred by communities in their regions. Barong is located in the Gianyar, Tabanan, Badung and Bangli.
8. Barong Macan, like a tiger and the kind of barong is popular among the people of Bali.
9. Barong Landung, originally used to fool the spirits lines that spread all malignant disease and harm to the township residents. Spirits are believed to be the Queen Gede Mecaling men who crossed the ocean of Nusa Penida. Then, a powerful minister suggested to the residents to make a similar statue of Queen Gede Mecaling. The statue is a big, tall, black, fangs, and was named Jero Gede Mecaling or Queen Mecaling. The statue had to be paraded around the village to ward off the spirits. Finally, all kinds of diseases and the dangers that haunt the population for this to be lost and ended. In honor of artificial Jero Gede, society makes regular partner called Jero Luh. Both of Barong Landung often entertained and invited to walk with a crowd so he could dance and have fun. High of Barong Landung approximately twice the size of humans.
10. Barong Lembu (ox).
11. Barong Kambing (goat ).
In Calonarong or Balinese dance, Barong uses his magical knowledge to beat Rangda. Dance is well known and often shown as a tourist attraction is The Barong-Rangda dance which describes the battle between Barong and Rangda. This dance is a relic of Pre-Hindu culture that uses puppets quadruped form or by early humans who have the power magis. Barong mask made of wood taken from haunted places such as Bali graves so that the community considers that the barong is a sacred object that was purified.
Barong dance which is danced by two male dancers called Saluk Interpreter / Interpreter Bapang. A play of the head and front legs, and a longer playing the hind legs and tail. Barong-Rangda depicts the struggle of virtue (dharma) and bad (adharma) which is a blend that is always the opposite. This dance begins with the opening of the show accompanied by gamelan different as Kebyar Gong Gamelan, Gamelan Babarongan, and Gamelan Batel.